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Energy situation and " 915 " develop
From;  Author:Stand originally
Our country the sources of energy develops taking result

The sources of energy is the important matter base that the mankind lives and expands, our party and height of national all through the ages take seriously. Collective and the Party Central Committee that are a secretary-general with Comrade Hu Jintao are led in the center of the 3 generation of the party, regard security of relationship economy progress, state and nation as the sources of energy the major strategy question of prime increase, place in significant position, pour into a large number of painstaking effort. Below the right leader of the Party Central Committee, the State Council, in various places, departmental door long-term, below joint effort, the development of industry of our country energy gained the success that attract worldwide attention. This highlights expression to be in 6 respects:

The first, escalate of energy supply ability. Before new China holds water, productivity of the sources of energy of our country is very low, was coal of 23.7 million tons of standards only 1949. Half many century especially since reforming and opening, the sources of energy produces rapid progress, 2005, the sources of energy produces gross to achieve coal of 2.06 billion tons of standards, 87 times was 1949, it is 3.29 times at the beginning of reforming and opening, 13.6% what hold global energy total output about, become the 2nd great energy resources of world that is next to the United States to produce a country. Coal, crop already ranked the world for years the first, achieved 2.19 billion tons 2005, it is new China holds water first 68 times, 3.5 times at the beginning of reforming and opening. Oil and natural gas, 2005, crude output achieves 181 million tons, it is new China holds water first 1508 times, 1.74 times at the beginning of reforming and opening, rank No. 6 in the world. Natural gas crop amounts to 50 billion stere, it is new China holds water first 5000 times, 3.64 times at the beginning of reforming and opening. Electric power, installed capacity generates electricity to break through 500 million kilowatt by 2005, year electricenergy production reachs two thousand four hundred and seventy-four billion seven hundred million kilowatt hour, it is respectively 1949 275 times with 576 times, had certain room world 1996 the 2nd. But second birth the sources of energy, development is rapid in recent years. Current, the installed capacity of urine report amounts to 38 million kilowatt; Total volume heats up solar energy water heater area 80 million square metre, occupy the half above of the world; Nuclear report from do not have have, generate electricity outfit machine is close 7 million kilowatt; Produce per year firedamp to make an appointment with 8 billion stere, already had door with firedamp pool many 1700.

The 2nd, the sources of energy consumes a structure to be optimized somewhat. After reforming and opening, develop quickly as economic society, our country the sources of energy consumes rapid growth, 2005, the sources of energy consumes gross to amount to coal of 2.225 billion tons of standards, it is the 2nd great energy resources of world consumes a country. In recent years, consume a structure through adjusting the sources of energy actively, appeared two trends: On one hand, the proportion that coal consumes tends drop, by 1990 76.2% fall 68.7% 2005; On the other hand, the proportion that high grade and clean the sources of energy consumes rises stage by stage, 1990? 2005, oil gas consumes specific gravity by 18.7% rise 24% , water and electricity and nuclear report by 5.1% rise 7.3% .
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